Knowledge Status on Eco City and Self-Sufficient Economy as Social Capital amidst the Covid-19 Pandemic

Main Article Content

Sowatree Nathalang


The 3 purposes of this article were to 1) present the whole picture of the eco-city and self-sufficient economy concepts which have been adapted as social capital during the covid-19 pandemic.  2) review the related literature and previous studies as social capital and 3) suggest to development to such body of knowledge as social capital to solve community problem during the covid-19 pandemic. The study uses qualitative methods i.e., documentary analysis, field sites survey with non-participant observation including urban ethnography with cases of study around inner city and outskirt of Bangkok and periphery to gather the whole picture of such body of knowledge.  The result of the study reveals that there is not less study has mentioned the body of knowledge in eco-city and self-sufficient economy before the covid-19 pandemic for example in urban development concept based on the equilibrium of urban space and environment. On the spatial presentation of such body of knowledge which is related to self-sufficient economy, it is found that there are a lot of community participation in many areas.  Agricultural area and organic vegetable garden space are increased. This is to create the economic community base.  The space creation leads to the policy suggestion for the model of community learning center in responsible of municipality and Bangkok Metropolitan Administration to develop and turn abandoned space into green area in various types. It includes the body of knowledge development as social capital in terms of communal food security during covid-19 pandemic and other situation in the future.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nathalang, S. . (2023). Knowledge Status on Eco City and Self-Sufficient Economy as Social Capital amidst the Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of Social Development and Management Strategy, 25(1), 19–41. Retrieved from
บทความวิจัย Research Article


Basham, R. (1978). Urban Anthropology. Cross-Cultural Study of Complex Societies, Mayfield Publishing Company.

Chaipattana Foundation. (2020). Chaipattana prachakasem (Chaipattana Foundation). [In Thai]. Retrieved January 25, 2022 from

Chumtakhob, D. (2020). Sufficiency Economy: An Alternative Survival Strategy for the Covid-19 Pandemic. [In Thai]. Journal Multidisciplinary Academic Research and Development, 2(3), 11-22.

Community Organization Development Institute. (2021). ‘synergy of society-community’ through Covid!! [In Thai]. Retrieved October 19, 2021 from

Going together. (2019). House 1,000 wood Café & Farm – Agricultural learning source for youth [In Thai]. Retrieved October 22, 2021 from

Kamin’s Roaming. (2021). Sathaneepak & Khon Rak Kafae [In Thai]. Retrieved October 23, 2021 from

Klangrahat, J., Nakorn, P., and Roongrueng, K. (2017). Factor of success in urban agricultural garden [In Thai]. Proceeding of the 4th National Conference of Public Affairs, 811-826. Konkaen: College of local administration Konkaen University.

Krapookdotcom. (2018). Pointing 5 farms & gardens hiding in Bangkok [In Thai]. Retrieved October 22, 2021 from

Local Development Institute. (2020). Covid crisis and the turning point of local community [In Thai]. Retrieved October 21, 2021 from point/

Manageronline. (2020). Khaoyoi has love growing vegetable for friend [In Thai]. Retrieved October 19, 2021 from

Manageronline. (2020). “Bann Nongbuanoi” Changwat Kalasin – an example of public land use for community economic [In Thai]. Retrieved October 19, 2021 from

Manageronline. (2020). Department of Community Development supports Thai people to grow kitchen garden for food security [In Thai]. Retrieved October 19, 2021 from 9630000036433

Manageronline. (2020). Governer Cholburi invites people flip Covid-19 crisis to chance in growing kitchen garden [In Thai]. Retrieved October 19, 2021 from

Manageronline. (2020). MQDC Creation of the new standard “Biodiversity Standard” [In Thai]. Retrieved October 25, 2021 from

Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning. (2019). Final Report of the Project of moving eco city development model concept (Ecological City: Eco-City) for urban environmental and sustainable community [In Thai]. Bangkok: Wasu Copy 1995 Limited Partnership.

Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council. (2022). Draft of the 13th National Economic and Social Development Plan. [In Thai]. Retrieved December 12,2022from

Phannan, P. (2018). Urban Agriculture Garden Development and the Community Empowerment : A Case Study of Poonsap Community, Saimai District, Bangkok [In Thai]. Romphreuk Journal, 36(3), 68-95.

Pujinda, P and Boonsom, Y (2016). Urban Design Guideline for Specific Purposed Towns. [In Thai]. JED: Journal of Environmental Design, 3(1), 21-43.

Ptt. reforestation and ecological institute. (n.d.). History of ‘Urban forest Learning center’. [In Thai]. Retrieved November 12, 2021 from

Register, R. (2006). Eco-cities: rebuilding cities in balance with nature (revised edition). Canada: New Society Publishers.

Roongsawang, B. (2022). Benjakitti Public Park which think of the past, present, and future of Bangkok people (In Thai). Sarakadee Magazine, 38, 104-117.

Roseland, M. (1997). Dimensions of the Eco-City. Journal of Cities, 14(4), 197-202.

Saad, M. M., Ibrahim, M.A., and Sayad Zeyad M. E. (2017). Eco-City as Approach for Sustainable Development. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS), 28(1), 54-74.

SaiThong Farmily. (2021). SaiThong Farm vegetable farm in the middle of city and healthy food in Lanthong village Pak kred. [In Thai]. Retrieved October 22, 2021 from

SME Thailand Club. (2019). Check in 5 farm say in Bangkok [In Thai]. Retrieved October 22, 2021 from

Sustainable Agriculture Foundation (Thailand). (2021). Food economy in urban communities in the midst of the covid crisis. [In Thai]. Retrieved October 20, 2021 from

Thepprasit, B and Chuntuk, T. (2019). “Sustainable Eco University in Social, Economic and Environmental Dimensions”. [In Thai]. Veridian E-Journal, Silpakorn University (Humanities, Social Sciences and arts), 12(1), 371-385.