SUASIVE MEASURES IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE LOW CARBON COMMUNITIES
The concept of low carbon community is for developing a sense of community and increasing societal awareness of environmental issues. However, there is less interest in understanding the nature of a low carbon community. Many studies view the concept of a low carbon community as something in the distant future. In this study, literature reviews are used to present the concept of low carbon communities under a sustainable community framework, using both International and Thai definitions. This means that a low carbon community promotes environmental conservation with tools, such as Environmental Management Measures (EMMs) that include synthesis from research and academic services. The objectives of this study are 1) to understand the nature of low carbon communities by changing behavior, 2) to offer approaches that promote low carbon communities by using suasive measures. It was found that building understanding of the community is important because of its driving force of change. Environmental management in terms of suasive measures should use to promote low-carbon communities before advancing economic and regulatory mechanisms. Suasive measures require no enforcement and there is inherent ‘grassroots’ support that can be developed into a national policy. As the main driver of environmental management measures, they will help low carbon communities develop into a truly sustainable society.
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