LEGAL CONSCIOUSNESS OF PEOPLE IN MEAUNWAI SUB-DISTRICT, MUANG DISTRICT, NAKHON RATCHASIMA TOWARD CORRUPTION THAT IS CRIMINAL OFFENCE
สำนึกทางกฎหมายของประชาชนตำบลหมื่นไวย อำเภอเมือง จังหวัดนครราชสีมา ต่อการคอร์รัปชั่นที่เป็นความผิดอาญา
This qualitative research consists of documentary research which the types of corruption that are criminal offences and field research is studied, it is the phenomenon-based research in order to analyze nature and types of people’s legal consciousness toward corruption, called a criminal offence. Research participants are in Meaunwai Sub-district, Maung District, Nakhon Ratchasima and then purposive key informants are divided into 2 groups. The used data was collected as a content analysis through in-depth interviews with 18 community leaders and focus-group interviews with 20 volunteers.
Corruption can be categorized into 2 groups; Corruption by criminal offence, i.e. embezzlement, misconduct, breach of duty, extortion of bribe, conflict of interest, cronyism, threatening of government officials, asking bribe to motivate officials, and bribery and Corruption-related criminal offence, i.e. money laundering, non-submission of account showing assets and liability and unusual wealth.
The law on Corruption is acknowledged, which most of them had the opinion that corruption negatively affects people, society and country. Also, law against corruption is known as the importance that should be more seriously enforced. Problems can be found in 5 levels as follow: acceptance, remaining silent, resistance without any action, unofficial complaint and official complaint. The significant reason for choosing non-action method more than the others is because of the fear of consequential effect and significant reason for taking action against corruption, also the maintenance of personal interest, society’s interest and country’s interest can be invloved.
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