The Learning Process for the Conservation and Sustainable Development of The Mangkala Performance in the Lower Northern of Thailand กระบวนการเรียนรู้เพื่อการอนุรักษ์และพัฒนารูปแบบการแสดงพื้นบ้านมังคละ ในภาคเหนือตอนล่าง

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Nachaya Natchanawakul
Rungnapha Chimphut
Atchara Sriphan
Waraporn cherdchoo

Abstract

This research project entitled “Learning Conservation and Sustainable Development of The Mangkala Performance in the Lower Northern of Thailand  aimed to 1) study the current conditions of the Mangkala performance; 2) create a guideline for the conservation and development of a Mangkala performance format using a learning process; and 3) develop a format for the Mangkala performance into an innovation with artistic, cultural and commercial values. The study was conducted using the qualitative research methodology including documentary studies and field studies to collect the data concerning the current conditions and the existence of the Mangkala performance. The study suggested that Mangkala was a type of musical band categorized as a fanfare and performed in processions, fanfares and rituals. However, due to the changing social conditions, the availability of other forms of entertainment and the performance format that did not correspond to the taste of modern-day society, Mangkala was disappearing from the ways of life of the people. To create a guideline for its conservation, therefore, required three-part cooperation from home, temple and school. The knowledge from folk philosophers was turned into learning media focusing on basic rhythms, note reading and practical training. Each learner received an authentic assessment and learned to analyse and apply the knowledge to create something new based on the local culture and history in the development of a Mangkala performance format. The findings revealed that in the learning process the basic understanding of the rhythms was extremely important and could be concretely integrated into practice. The folk philosophers had an important role in verifying the data. Direct experience in the ways of life and the understanding of the history and the community were important backgrounds and influenced the concepts and inspirations of the performance format. The format of performance was repeated in important religious events in the community, which was the role that Mangkala performance used to have in the old days, and in various activities as occasions allowed. This helped create an awareness of and pride in the local community and presented a guideline for increasing commercial values for future projects.              

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Article Details

Section
บทความวิจัย (Research Article)
Author Biography

Nachaya Natchanawakul, College of Music, Mahidol University.

Musicology

Tradition  and Folk Music

References

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