Hae Nak Folk Song in Phitsanulok Province

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Sophon Lawan


     The purposes of this research were to study a folk song in the Kayao Lae Hae Nak tradition, in Nakhon Thai District, Phitsanulok Province and to analyze the Hae Nak folk song in the form and analysis dimension to analyze Thai music and in the sociological dimension. The researcher employed a qualitative research process conducting a field trip in the Pak Thongchai tradition in November 2016 and a participatory interview. The data were then gathered according to the research process. It was found that the population in the study had an agricultural lifestyle, and they had migrated from 3 major provinces, namely Lom Sak District, Phetchabun Province, Phu Khiao District, Chaiyaphum Province, and Dan Sai District, Loei Province. They also brought the Kayao Lae Hae Nak tradition into the area of ​​Nakhon Thai District. The meaning of “Kayao Lae Hae Nak” was to recognize the merits of the mother during childbirth and to be tolerant of various obstacles while being the top of the beams (Lae) to the temple to perform a religious ritual. Therefore, there was a folk song, “Hae Nak folk song” which is a culture that the people of Nakhon Thai District have created from the way of life of their social context. Hae Nak folk song was characterized as an uncomplicated folk song. The focus was on having fun and inserting a way of life. In the form and analysis dimension, the melody was arranged in a 2-tiered rhythmic sound in the soundstage (F G A   C D). There is a length of 4 Drum rhythm and the chants are 4 Drum rhythm as well, except adding the lyrics with the improvisation of the singer. Most sound group patterns were (-X -X). The patterns (-2 -4) were with raised rhythms and falling rhythms which points to a simple melody following the applause of the singers. In the sociological dimension, Hae Nak folk songs can reflect human behavior in two parts: Part 1 reflecting the relationship of behavior and thinking in which the lyrics indicates the gratitude of people in society at that time for the grace of their parents and Part 2 relating to people’s lifestyle. The Hae Nak folk songs can reflect the way of life of the people in that society through the folk lyrics which can be understood easily and uncomplicated to communicate so that people in the present can understand it very well.


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บทความวิจัย (Research Article)


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