Folk Beliefs and Worship of Chao Pho Hanuman in Thai Society คติความเชื่อและพิธีกรรมการนับถือ "เจ้าพ่อหนุมาน" ในสังคมไทย

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Rattanaphon Chuenka
Panupong Udomsilp
Sukanya Sujachaya

Abstract

This research paper aims to examine “Hanuman cult” in Thai society from documents gathered from field studies during 2019-2021, which have been analyzed and interpreted by folklore methodologies. The research brings about this following revelation: there are eight Hanuman shrines today, namely, 1) Chao Pho Kamhaeng Hanuman Shrine in Taling Chan District, Bangkok 2) Chao Pho Hanuman Shrine in Chomthong District, Bangkok 3) Luang Pho Hanuman Shrine, Samut Songkhram Province 4) Somdet Phra-ong Than Hanuman Shrine, Kanchanaburi Province 5) Chao Hanuman Shrine, Phetchaburi Province 6) Chao Pho Hanuman Shrine, Prachuap Khirikhan Province 7) Chao Pho Hanuman Shrine (Hanuman’s swamp), Prachinburi Province and 8) Chao Pho Hanuman Shrine (Hanuman’s tributary), Prachinburi Province. All reflect that Hanuman cult has been originally derived from Ramakien, Siamese-versioned Ramayana, then this divine monkey is worshipped as a sacred spirit amongst the Central Thai as well as can be categorized into six aspects – 1) Hanuman (along with natural monkeys) as a guardian spirit 2) Hanuman Placenames 3) sacred floating sculpture of Hanuman 4) sculpture of Hanuman 5) Hanuman’s spirit mediums and 6) the belief of Phra Ram and Phra Lak’s monkey soldier. Hanuman cult, herein, can be assumingly traced back to “guarding spirit worship” based on indigenous belief, Buddhism, Hinduism and Chinese belief.

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บทความวิจัย (Research Article)

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