Vocabulary of Sukhothai Dialect คำศัพท์ภาษาถิ่นสุโขทัย

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Watanachai Monying

Abstract

This research aimed to study the Sukhothai dialect in terms of its vocabulary words that were the same as, similar to, or different from standard Thai and other dialects in Thailand. The researcher collected the data by interviewing the local informants who spoke the Sukhothai dialect and lived in Kong Krailas District, Sukhothai Province which was a study area. The results of the study revealed a total of 523 vocabulary words. When categorized according to their grammatical functions and analyzed their characteristics, they could be divided into 4 types: 1) vocabulary that was the same as standard Thai language, totaling 176 words (33.65%) which could be divided into words that corresponded to standard Thai and words that were close to standard Thai which had some differences, namely consonant sounds, vowels, tone, and number of syllables, 2) vocabulary that was similar to standard Thai, totaling 16 words (3.06%) in which some of them were similar to standard Thai in that the initial syllable sound was the same or similar, or the final syllable sound was the same or similar, 3) vocabulary that was similar to the Thai dialect, totaling 65 words (12.43%) which were divided into words that were similar to the northern dialects, north-east (Isan) dialect, and southern dialects, and 4) Sukhothai dialect vocabulary words, totaling 266 words (50.86%), in which these vocabulary words were both old words and new words created for use in the Sukhothai dialect users. These findings showed that the Sukhothai dialect had its unique accent and also local vocabulary

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บทความวิจัย (Research Article)

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