Motherhood in The River Ki of Ariyoshi Sawako

Main Article Content

Phanphitchaya Panyafu

Abstract

This article aims to study the motherhood that was created in The River Ki (Kinokawa.『紀ノ川』) of Ariyoshi Sawako. This research examined the motherhood of female characters: Hana (花), Fumio (文緒), and Hanako (
華子), who were women in the Meiji era, Taisho era, and Showa era, including the social factors that molded them. This study found one important thing about social factors. That was public education for Japanese women in their early age paying respect to the concept of being “good wife, wise mother” (ryousai kenbo. 良妻賢母). The female characters in the literature were well educated at home and at school. This molded the motherhood according to the teaching style and the teaching content. The result of the study shows that
the maternal natures of Hana and Fumio are different. Hana is a mother who believes in the duty of women to give birth and raise children for their family as it is expected by the Japanese society. She also sacrifices her personal happiness for the welfare of the family. Accordingly, this is cultivated through teaching by her grandmother and school. However, Fumio does not hold the role of wife and mother as Hana does. Fumio’s motherhood does not conform to the social norm of “good wife, wise mother”. And her school does not focus solely on being a mother and wife. So, she expresses the characteristics of the modern motherhood that Taisho female activists sought. While Hanako is a female character in the type of family which has abandoned the old Japanese family system. Even though the motherhood of Hanako is not de fined clearly, her pursuit for an old family tradition and life with her grandmother, creates an ideal concept of family for Hanako who has nostalgic thoughts.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
บทความวิจัยและบทความวิชาการ

References

Ariyoshi, Sawako. (1959). 『紀ノ川』. 新潮社.

Ariyoshi, Sawako. (2000). 「伝統美の目覚め/父恋い酒」.『有吉佐和子(作家自伝109) 』. 日本図書センター.

Fujita, Mariko. (1989). “It’s All Mother’s Fault”: Childcare and the Socialization of Working Mothers in Japan. The Journal of Japanese Studies, Vol. 15, No. 1: p. 67-91.

Greer Litton Fox. (1980). The Mother-Adolescent Daughter Relationship as a Sexual Socialization Structure. National Council on Family Relations, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 21-28.

Iwatani, Daishi. (1970).「評伝的解説<有吉佐和子>」足立巻一他編.有吉佐和子・瀬戸内晴美集. 現代日本の文学49. 学習研究社.

Janeke van Mens-Verhulst, Karlein Schreurs and Liesbeth Woertman. (1993). Daughter-ing and Mothering: Female Subjectivity Reanalysed. Routledge, Newyork.

Koyama, Shizuko. (1991). 『良妻賢母という規範』. 第 1版. 勁草書房.

Miyano, Maoko. (2016). 「母性と幸福―自己として、女性として生きる」. 社会と倫理 第31号.

Miyauchi, Junko (ed). (1995). 『有吉佐和子・新潮日本文学アルバム71』. 新潮社.

Niwa, Akiko and Tomiko, Yoda. (1993). The Formation of the Myth of Motherhood in Japan. U.S.-Japan Women’s Journal, English Supplement No. 4: pp. 70-82.

Ruth Benedict. (1946). The Chrysanthemum and The Sword. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. Translated by Matsuji, Hasegawa. (1967).『菊と刀―日本文化の型―』. 社会思想社, 東京.

Sandaya, Hikaru. (1932). Motherhood Education in Japan. Childhood Education Journal,Vol. 8, Issue 5: p. 256-258.

Tsuchida, Youko. (2014). 「公立高等女学校にみるジェンダー秩序と階層構造学校・生徒・メディアのダイナミズム」. 『MINERVA 社会学叢書 45』.

Yagi, Kimiko. (1986).「母性イデオロギー一考」. 『城西大学女子短期大学部紀要』. 3(1): pp.45-56.

Yoshida, Akiko. (2017). Unmarried Women in Japan: The drift into singlehood. Routledge, Newyork.