• Pawinee Iamtrakul Center of Excellence in Urban Mobility Research and Innovation, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University.
  • Sararad Chayphong Center of Excellence in Urban Mobility Research and Innovation, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University.


Participation, Urban Ecological Development, Aging Society


This study aims to propose an urban ecological development planning for the aging society through the design thinking process. By applying this tool to carry out workshop activities through the participation process among elderly people (60 years and over) who live in Ban Phaeo District, Samut Sakhon Province. With the sampling of 240 persons, the content analysis technique was applied to analyze ecological system for the elderly society at all 3 levels which are individual level, home level and community level. The results of the study demonstrated that; 1) individual level: most of elderly group have an inappropriate behavior towards good health such as quality of sleeping, irregular daily dietary, daily behaviors associated with less physical. 2) home level: there is a risk of elderly living due to lack of facilities that help facilitating the activities of aged group towards the safe living to reduce the daily risk. 3) environment level: the ability to access basic social services is related to the context of surrounding area which should turn into a lively neighborhood. The finding can lead policy suggestions for the urban development in term of physical forms for elderly society by creating coordination mechanisms at the area level while promoting innovation in elderly caring by promoting the use of modern technology. Furthermore, the consideration for an appropriate public space must be recommended to promote the activities of daily life (necessary activities) as well as creative and social relations, and improvement activities for elderly.


Download data is not yet available.


World population prospects. (2015). The World Population Prospects: 2015 Revision. Retrieved from


Understanding and Changing the Social World. (2013). Health and Medicine in International Perspective. Retrieved from

กรมกิจการเศรษฐกิจและสังคมของสหประชาชาติ (UNDESA). (2019). สูงวัยในศตวรรษที่ 21: การเฉลิมฉลองและความท้าทาย. สืบค้นจาก

กรมกิจการผู้สูงอายุ. (2019). สถานการณ์ผู้สูงอายุ. สืบค้นจาก

Buffel T, McGarry P, Phillipson C, De Donder L, Dury S, De Witte N, Smetcoren AS, Verté D. (2014). Developing Age-Friendly Cities: Case Studies from Brussels and Manchester and Implications for Policy and Practice. J Aging Soc Policy, 26(1-2), 52-72.

Fitzgerald KG, Caro FG. (2014). An overview of age-friendly cities and communities around the world. J Aging Soc Policy, 26(1-2), 1-18.

Menec VH, Means R, Keating N, Parkhurst G, Eales J. (2011). Conceptualizing age-friendly communities. J Aging, 30(3), 479-93.

Scharlach A.E., Lehning A.J. (2013). Ageing-friendly communities and social inclusion in the United States of America. Ageing Soc, 33, 110-136.

Bowling, A., and Dieppe, P. (2005). What is successful ageing and who should define it?. The British Medical Journal, 331(7531), 1548-1551.

Henkin, N., and Zapf, J. (2007). How communities can promote civic engagement of people age 50-plus. Generations, 30(4), 72-77.

CEDRU, Centro de Estudos e Desenvolvimento Regional e Urbano and BCG, Boston Consulting Group. (2008). Estudo de avaliação das necessidades dos seniores em Portugal: relatório final. Lisboa: Fundação Aga Khan Portugal.

Rémillard-Boilard S., Buffel T., Phillipson C. (2017). Involving older residents in age-friendly developments: from information to coproduction mechanisms. J. Hous. Elderly, 31, 146-159.

Iamtrakul, P., Chayphong, S., and Klaylee, J. (2019). The Study on Age-Friendly Environments for an Improvement of Quality of Life for Elderly, Asian Mega City, Thailand. Lowland Technology International, 21(2), 123-133.

IOM. (2002). Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

McGinnis JM, Foege WH. (1993). Actual causes of death in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Association, 270(18), 2207-2212.

Lawton MP. (1983). Environment and other determinants of well-being in older people. The Gerontologist, 23(4), 349-357.

Story MF. (1998). Maximizing usability: the principles of universal design. Assistive Technology, 10(1), 4-12.

Demirkan H. (2007). Housing for the aging population. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 4(1), 33-38.

Kose S. (1998). From barrier-free to universal design: an international perspective. Assist Technol, 10(1), 44-50.

Iwarsson S, Ståhl A. (2003). Accessibility, usability and universal design--positioning and definition of concepts describing person-environment relationships. Disabil Rehabil, 25(2), 57-66.

Rowe JW, Kahn RL. (1987). Human aging: usual and successful. Science, 237(4811), 143-149.

Van Hoof J, Kort HS, van Waarde H, Blom MM. (2010). Environmental interventions and the design of homes for older adults with dementia: an overview. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen, 25(3), 202-32.

Fisher BJ, Specht DK. (1999). Successful aging and creativity in later life. Journal of Aging Studies, 13(4), 457-472.

Qway. (2018). การวิเคราะห์ผู้มีส่วนได้ส่วนเสีย. สืบค้นจาก

Iamtrakul, P., Klaylee, J., and Ruengratanaumporn, I. (2021). Participatory Planning Approach toward Smart Sustainable City Development. Proceedings of International Structural Engineering and Construction, 8(1), 1-6.

ภาวิณี เอี่ยมตระกูล, พิริยา ซิ้มเจริญ, และพรชัย จันทร์ถาวร. (2555). แนวทางศึกษาการวิจัยเชิงปฏิบัติการแบบมีส่วนร่วมเพื่อส่งเสริมความปลอดภัยทางถนนของเมือง: กรณีศึกษา เทศบาลเมืองท่าโขลง จังหวัดปทุมธานี. JARS, 9(1), 61-81.

International Association for Public Participation. (2006). หลักการสร้างการมีส่วนร่วมของประชาชน. สืบค้นจาก


จังหวัดสมุทรสาคร. (2560). แผนพัฒนาจังหวัดสมุทรสาคร. สืบค้นจาก

Iamtrakul, P., Chayphong, S., Jomnonkwao, S., and Ratanavaraha, V. (2021). The Association of Falls Risk in Older Adults and Their Living Environment: A Case Study of Rural Area, Thailand. Sustainability, 23(24), 1-16.

Kopec D. (2007). Designs that Protect: Culturally Sensitive Designs for Long Term Care Facilities. Washington, National Council for Interior Design Qualification monograph series.

Iamtrakul, P., and Chayphong, S. (2021). Healthy Aging in Home Environment Exposures. GMSARN International Journal, 15(3), 175-184.

ปฐวี พิพัฒน์วรากุล. (2555). ปัจจัยที่มีความสัมพันธ์กับการหกล้มภายในบริเวณบ้านของผู้สูงอายุที่มารับบริการหน่วยแพทย์เคลื่อนที่ในชุมชนเชียงทอง ตำบลระแหง อำเภอเมือง จังหวัดตาก. วิทยานิพนธ์ปริญญาแพทยศาสตรบัณฑิต. พิษณุโลก: มหาวิทยาลัยนเรศวร.

เพ็ญรุ่ง วรรณดี, จิรพรรณ โพธิ์ทอง, และอุมากร ใจยั่งยืน. (2563). การศึกษาสถานการณ์การหกล้มในผู้สูงอายุในชุมชน จังหวัดสุพรรณบุรี. วารสารศูนย์อนามัยที่ 9, 14(34), 126-141.

Iamtrakul, P., and Chayphong, S. (2021). Aging and Environment in Role of Rural Older Adults. GMSARN International Journal, 15(3), 236-243.

Anderson GF, Hussey PS. (2000). Population aging: a comparison among industrialized countries. Health Affairs, 19(3), 191-203.

Lloyd-Sherlock P. (2000). Population ageing in developed and developing regions: implications for health policy. Social Science and Medicine, 51(6), 887-895.

Statistics Canada. (2011). The Canadian Population in 2011: Age and Sex. Retrieved from

Iamtrakul, P., and Chayphong, S. (2021). Exploring the Influencing Factors on Living Alone and Social Isolation among Older Adults in Rural Areas of Thailand. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(21), 14572.




How to Cite

Iamtrakul, P. ., & Chayphong , S. . (2022). THE STUDY OF URBAN ECOLOGICAL FOR AGING SOCIETY THROUGH PROMOTING PARTICIPATORY PROCESS . Srinakharinwirot Research and Development Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 14(28, July-December), 121–136. Retrieved from