Keywords: Teaching practicum, Tuning Protocol (TP), CLT ability, Pre-service teachers


English teacher education program in Thailand provides a practicum for all pre-service teachers. It is found that the pre-service teachers still lacked of knowledge and skills in Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) activities. This study is aimed at investigating how Tuning Protocol (TP) enhances pre-service teachers’ CLT ability in their teaching practicum. The population used in the study included 12 of the fifth-year pre-service teachers who studied in the English Program, Faculty of Education. Two participants were selected by purposive sampling to observe them in the classroom for four times (cycles) at the school during the second semester of 2017’s academic year. The research instruments were field notes and researcher-reflections. The data were qualitatively analyzed by using content analysis and coding technique for grounded theory. The findings show that CLT principles were appeared and tuning protocols were implemented in my classroom observations. Tuning protocol was used for giving warm feedbacks and cool feedback to with various techniques such as ice-breaking and tone of voices, the feedbacks can enhance the appearance of CLT aspects in pre-service teachers’ teaching performances. Furthermore, mentor’s giving feedback ability is required as one of the major key factors in using Tuning Protocol (TP) to improve pre-service teachers’ performances.


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