The Impact of International Development Project on Cross Border Tourism in Thailand and Related Areas

Main Article Content

Chalermchai Panyadee
Parnpare Chaoprayoon

Abstract

The international development project has both direct and indirect effects towards cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas. This article aims to present research results of international development project towards competency of cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas . The research is mixed method approach by using questionnaire together with the interview of tourism business entrepreneur and people from 26 provinces that have border with neighboring countries.


The result found that international development project to  positively and negatively affected to cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas. The result positively affected to infrastructure development including road construction, international trade and investment connection, and international arrangement resulted from international development project, which is facilitated factor, caused the international tourism. The result negatively affected to after developing transportation and opening the border, these resulted in tourism because tourists did not visit or stay overnight but they only just passed by to the neighboring countries. In each border that connected to other countries that have more potential, is the main purpose of the tourists, so Thailand tourist attractions are passing places. The situation happened here caused slow border tourism and affected to the way of life and tourism business in that province.


Moreover, the effect of international development project towards the competency of cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas, overall, the border checkpoints are the permanent stations which are potential and rapidly necessary to develop plan in order to support cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas together with decreasing the impact of the development project considering the cross border countries or related areas. The result showed that the border checkpoints that are potential to support cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas to Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) the most is Chiang Khong border checkpoint (The Fourth Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge), Chiangrai province. The border checkpoints that are potential to support cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar the most is Mae Sai, Tha Khi Lek Chiangrai province. The border checkpoints that are potential to support cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas to Malaysia the most is Tammalang Port, Satun province. However, the insurgency in southern Thailand affected to the tourism support in Narathiwat and Yala provinces. They had low competency in supporting tourism around the cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas. On the other hand, from Cambodia case, the border checkpoint is mainly for the investment, and have a few variety of tourist attractions around the cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas, this should be rapidly to develop in order to support cross border tourism in Thailand and related areas when compared with other areas.

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Section
บทความวิจัย (Research Article)

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