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The objective of this research was to study the illiteracy discourse in Thai society. This study used qualitative research methodology through the content analysis and discourse analysis principle based on Foucault’s Approach. The researcher collected data in the form of text from documents selected 80 items which were obtained including the printed materials, and internet documents. The research found that literacy is a set of knowledge that is a discourse caused by creation and dominance by UNESCO so that the world can realize and carry out activities to eliminate the problem of illiteracy including Thailand to accept the literary discourse to be used as a guideline for the development of education in the country. There are many issues concerning an illiteracy discourse. The most important findings were that discourse of repeated problems, no quality of education, expressing feelings about problems, and teachers as the defendant of society.
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